MSc in African Studies

MSc in African Studies


About the course

The MSc in African Studies is a three-term course, designed both as a stand-alone interdisciplinary introduction to current debates about Africa, and as a preparation for doctoral research on Africa. This advanced degree programme provides an excellent foundation for those who wish to expand their knowledge of African studies.


There are four components to the MSc degree in African Studies:

  • The Core Course on ‘Methodology, Ethics and Research Strategies’
  • The Core Course on ‘Themes in African History and the Social Sciences’
  • An Optional Paper
  • A Dissertation of 15,000 words


Programme Details
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MSc in African Studies - Programme Details


The teaching on the MSc programme is built around the two core courses. The first core course examines research methodologies and strategies, including the politics of researching and writing on Africa, and is taught in Michaelmas term through a weekly lecture and seminar. The second is a weekly lecture and seminar over two terms (Michaelmas and Hilary term) covering key questions in African history and the social sciences, giving close attention to critical debates and current issues. The core courses form compulsory elements of the degree programme and are open only to students taking the MSc in African Studies.

In addition to the two core courses, you will take an optional paper on a particular theme and within a specific discipline. A wide selection of optional papers is available each year. Optional papers are taught in Hilary Term, through a weekly lecture and seminar. 

Finally, you will write a research dissertation of 15,000 words on a research topic of your choosing, which must include discussion of the comparative reading, historiography, or theory relevant to the dissertation. You will undertake fieldwork at the end of Hilary term and will be provided with thesis supervision throughout the year. 

Students dedicate six hours per week to classes and lectures and they will meet their thesis supervisor once every fortnight.










Core Course 1
Core Course 1: 'Methodology, Ethics and Research Strategies'

This core course introduces students to the many disciplinary, thematic, practical and ethical issues involved in researching Africa. Awareness of methodology is central to a critical approach to scholarship, and essential in developing the skills in research design that must be the first step toward the completion of a successful dissertation within this MSc programme. This course is therefore both intellectually rigorous and practical.

The emphasis is upon the distinctive approaches of the various disciplines involved in African Studies, although many of the research strategies to be addressed are of course not unique to Africa. Therefore, whilst readings for the course focuses upon African examples, students are encouraged to consider the ways in which methods devised in other areas may be applied in the circumstances of research in Africa. The course tackles issues of interdisciplinarity and methodological pluralism, as well as the practical issues of preparing for fieldwork and preliminary issues of research ethics in the African context.

Teaching on this course has two elements. The first is a series of eight lectures, each dealing with a particular methodology or research strategy. The lectures will be supported by classes, in which students will consider specific examples of research practice through a close reading of case study materials. Students will be expected to make short presentations for the classes. Each student must complete two essays, of approximately 2,000 words each, linked to the research design of their dissertation. These essays do not count toward the final course assessment.

The second element of the teaching comprises a series of four participatory seminars, in which students will present their preliminary plans for dissertation work within the MSc programme. These seminars will assist students in developing their own research design and in refining their methodologies for their chosen topics of research.

Topics to be covered in the lectures may include surveys, sampling and social categories; ethnography, participant observation and interviewing; oral history and life histories; social capital, networks and hidden samples; archival research, texts and the internet; visual sources, including film and photographs; participatory action research and research ethics; and the potential uses of Quantitative Methods.

Some useful readings relevant to the course:

  • Grinker, R.R. & C.B. Steiner (eds) Perspectives on Africa: a reader in culture, history and representation, Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.
  • Bates, R.H., V.Y. Mudimbe & J.F. O'Barr Africa and the disciplines: the contributions of research in Africa to the social sciences and humanities, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
  • Jewsiewicki, Bogumil, and David Newbury, eds. African Historiographies: What History for Which Africa? (Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1986).
  • L. White, S. Miescher & D.W. Cohen (eds) African words, African voices: critical practices in oral history, Bloomington, Ind., 2001.
  • M. Ntarangwi, D. Mills & M.H.M. Babiker (eds) African anthropologies: history, critique, and practice, London ; New York
  • Moore, S.F. Anthropology and Africa: changing perspectives on a changing scene, Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1994.
  • Banks, Marcus (2001) Visual Methods in Social Research. London: Sage.
  • Landau, Paul S. & Deborah D. Kaspin (2002) Images and Empires: Visuality in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa, Berkeley: University of California Press
  • Devereux, S. & J. Hoddinott (eds) Fieldwork in Developing Countries, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992.
  • M. Bratton, R.B. Mattes & E. Gyimah-Boadi (eds) Public opinion, democracy, and market reform in Africa, New York, 2004.

Please address your enquiries concerning the MSc in African Studies to:

Core Course 2
Core Course 2: 'Themes in African History and Social Sciences'

This course introduces students to major debates in the contemporary study of Africa, aiming to set these issues within their historical, social and cultural contexts. The approach is necessarily selective, but features many of the most important and influential scholarly works on Africa arranged around four central themes. The selected themes reflect key areas of academic and public debate, and fields in which there is a lively and often contested literature:

The State in Africa: The first five weeks of the course introduce students to key features of the historical background to contemporary Africa. We begin with the formation of the colonial state, its “modernising” mission, resistance to colonialism, nationalism and independence. The course then analyses authoritarianism, patrimonialism, and the cold war. The last three weeks of the first term focus on more contemporary themes, and debates surrounding them, such as economic liberalisation, political liberalisation and democratisation.

Lectures will focus on identifying historical continuities and critical junctures in the evolution of the African state, and cover a broad range of key themes:

  •  the character of the colonial state;
  •  the hopes (and failures) of the nationalist state project;
  •  the politics of economic crisis during the Cold War era;
  • why African states ‘failed’;
  • the ways in which African leaders attempt to mobilize their supporters;
  • structural adjustment and its impact on Africa;
  • the feasibility of democracy in Africa.

Contemporary Social Issues: A critical analysis of key areas of debate on contemporary Africa continues during Hilary Term. We will first look at ethnicity and other forms of identity in Africa, to understand its modern rather than primordial nature. The course also investigates debates over the most potent images of Africa’s suffering today: civil war, famine, agricultural stagnation and struggles over land, HIV-Aids, the informal economy and the lack of decent jobs, forced migration as well as voluntary migration.

Lectures cover a range of key themes, including:

  • reasons for African mobility, including forced migration;
  • identity and ethnicity in Africa;
  • the relationship between historical grievances, natural resources, elections, and civil war;
  • the relationship between land reform, famine, and political stability;
  • the political economy of epidemics.

This core course will be taught by a mixture of 16 1-hour lectures and 16 participatory classes, running through Michaelmas and Hilary Terms. Students will be expected to prepare short presentations for the classes, and to hand-in non-assessed work based on these presentations. The essays are a requirement of matriculation for the course, and failure to complete the work set may result in being debarred from the examination.  Two essays of no more than 3,000 words, must be submitted, the first by the end of Week 5 of Michaelmas Term and the second by the end of Week 8 of Hilary Term. For these essays, students are given a choice of essay questions in advance and are allowed to select topics of interest, although the two essays must focus on different topics.

A third essay is ‘unseen’. For this essay students are given an unseen set of questions on Tuesday of Week 8 of Michaelmas Term. Students are required to select one question and prepare an answer of no more than 4,000 words by Friday Week 0 of Hilary Term.

Key preliminary readings for this course include: 

  • Ake, ClaudeDevelopment and Democracy in Africa (Washington, 1996)
  • Barnett, Tony & Alan WhitesideAIDS in the Twenty-First Century: Disease and Globalization (Basingstoke, 2006)
  • Berman, Bruce, Dickson Eyoh & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Ethnicity and Democracy in Africa (Oxford, 2003)
  • Bratton, Mike & Nicholas Van de WalleDemocratic Experiments in Africa: Regime transitions in comparative perspective (Cambridge, 1997)
  • De Bruijn, Mirjam, Rijk van Dijk & Dick FoekenMobile Africa: Changing Patterns of Movement in Africa and Beyond (Leiden, 2001)
  • Chabal, Patrick & Jean-Pascal DelozAfrica Works: Disorder as Political Instrument
  • (Oxford, 1999)
  • Cooper, FrederickAfrica Since 1945: The past of the present (Cambridge, 2002)
  • Davis, MikePlanet of Slums (London, 2006)
  • Engberg-Pedersen, Poul et al., Limits of Adjustment in Africa: the effects of economic liberalization 1986-94 (Oxford, 1996), ch.3
  • Eriksen, Thomas H.Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives(London, 2002)
  • Ferguson, JamesExpectations of Modernity: Myths and Meanings of Urban Life on the Zambian Copperbelt (Berkeley, 1999)
  • Herbst, JeffreyStates and Power in Africa (Princeton, 2000)
  • Iliffe, JohnAfricans: The History of a Continent (2ndedition, Cambridge, 2007)
  • Kalipeni, Ezekiel et al. (eds.), HIV & AIDS in Africa: Beyond Epidemiology (Oxford, 2004)
  • Koser, Khalid (ed.), New African Diasporas (London, 2003)
  • MacGaffey, Janet & Rémy Bazenguissa-GangaCongo-Paris: Transnational Traders on the Margins of the Law (Oxford, 2000).
  • Malkki, Liisa H., (1995) Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory and National Cosmology among Hutu Refugees in Tanzania (Chicago, 1995)
  • Mamdani, Mahmood,. Citizen and Subject (London, 1996)
  • Manchuelle, FrançoisWilling Migrants: Soninke Labor Diasporas, 1848-1960(Oxford, 1996)
  • Mbembe, AchilleOn the Postcolony (London & Berkeley, 2001)
  • de Waal, AlexFamine Crimes: Politics and the Disaster Relief Industry in Africa(Oxford, 1997)
  • World BankAdjustment in Africa (Washington DC, 1994)
  • Westad, Odd ArneThe Global Cold War (Cambridge, 2005) chs 3, 6, 7
Option Courses
MSc in African Studies - Option Courses for 17/18

Optional Courses are normally taught in eight two-hour seminars over Hilary Term, sometimes with classes running into Trinity Term. In general, the groups tend to be small, with five or six students per course. The most popular courses may admit more, but efforts are made to retain an intimate and intensive character to the teaching. Though the precise nature of the teaching will vary from course to course, students can expect to play a very active role in classes, presenting papers on set topics and being encouraged to demonstrate their knowledge of the literatures and to debate and discuss key issues. Tutors will set written work according to the nature of the discipline and the demands of the topic. This work may be assessed, but the assessments do not count toward the final marks for the course. All Optional Papers are formally assessed by a 4,500 word extended essay.

The following Optional Papers have previously been available.

  • The Politics of Life in Africa
    • Prof Wale Adebanwi, St Antony's College
  • Anthropology of Africa
    • Dr David Pratten, St Antony's
  • Education in Africa 
    • Dr David Johnson, St Antony's
  • African Literature
    • Dr Tiziana Morosetti
  • Decolonisation in Africa: A Cultural History, c. 1920-1980
    • Dr Tim Livsey

Please address your enquiries concerning the MSc in African Studies to:

MSc African Studies - Dissertation

Students must take great care to plan their work toward the submission of the 15,000 word dissertation, which must include discussion of the comparative reading, historiography, or theory relevant to the research project. The dissertation is due at the end of Week 6 of Trinity Term. Topics will be developed by the students in association with their dissertation supervisors. Topics may fall within any area for which supervision can be provided. Students wishing to progress to a doctoral programme on Africa will be advised as to the most appropriate choice of option and dissertation topic within the MSc. In the Oxford postgraduate system, the masters dissertation can feed directly into a subsequent doctoral thesis.

Once a topic has been agreed, the form and title of the dissertation must be settled. Students are expected to work steadily in gathering research data for the dissertation, in consultation with the supervisor. It is expected that drafts will be prepared during Hilary Term and over the Easter vacation. Final revisions to the dissertation can be completed during Trinity Term.

Please address your enquiries concerning the MSc in African Studies to:

Dissertation Titles

MSc African Studies students are required to write a dissertation of not more than 15,000 words. Past dissertations are available for consultation in the Terence Ranger Reading Room at the African Studies Centre. Students preparing for their own theses may wish to consult those of relevant interest:

  • Walk and never stumble': Palm wine, performativity and material panoply in the Nigerian campus Kegite Club
  • Putting your money where your mouth is: Investment decisions in Africa amid inconsistencies of GDP data and discourse
  • Exploring Diversity in an Urban Suburb - Responses to Change in Brixton, Johannesburg
  • "Ne soyons pas plus Dieu que Dieu": narratives of laïcité and post-colonial politics in contemporary Senegal
  • Goan identities and self-understandings in colonial and post-colonial Tanzania
  • The Technocrat and the Gate: What motivates the civil service to include the private-sector in Kenya Vision 2030's Konza Technology City project?
  • Industrialization through agro-processing: a case study examination of the potential of tomato processing in Malawi
  • Street Path to survival: Origins and Character of Commercial Motorbike Operations in Sierra Leone
  • A Legacy Ignored: The Experiences Of Black Veterans Of The Rhodesian African Rifles After 1956
  • The Arafo of the Gold Coast: Masculinity and Violence in the Colonial Period
  • From October to September: Lessons from the 1964 revolution
  • Spiritual Citizenship, Power and Agency in Religious Spaces: A Case Study of Antoa Nyamaa in Ghana
  • ጩኸት ብቻ : ‘Just Noise’ Popular Music in Post-2005 Ethiopia and Ethiopiawinet
  • The Meaning of Lobola in the Lives of People in the Eastern Cape of South Africa
  • Caught between the past and future: Layers of meaning at Constitution Hill
  • #NationalShutDown: The politics of the national student protest and  movement of 2015 at Wits Univesity
  • Doing' Gender in security sector governance: The case of Rwanda
  • Where are you really from? Motivations, expectations, fears and realities of 2nd and 3rd generation British born Ghanaians moving back to the continent
  • Aspiration, Mobile Money, and Gender in Malawi
  • Locally Led, Politically smart development - Still missing the link on power'?
  • The Multi-Dimensional Politics of Rhino Conservation in Uganda
  • Gender equity in Kenyan politics: Deadlock in the implementation of constitutional affirmative action provisions in the National Assembly
  • Life histories of the homeless in Cape Town: Marginality and institutions in a city
  • Understanding the incorporation of women after power is captured: The case of the Rwanda Patriotic Front - 1994-2003
  • Òrò Egbogi: Power and materiality in the Language of Youba Traditional Medicine
  • The Securitisation and De-securitisation of Eastleigh during Operation Usalama Watch
  • SEXFOR GRADES AND REVISION-AIDS? A Study of Corruption, Governance and Policy Reform in Ghanaian Universities
  • The Grass is always Greener: How 'soldade' and the idea of 'longing for' in morna music plays a vital role in shaping the transnational identity of Cape Verdeans within and beyond the country's borders.
  • If at first you don't suceed…': A Critical Discourse Analysis of the United Nations Peacebuilding Mission in Jonglei State, South Sudan
  • "Before you're a DJ you're a woman": navigating gendered space, society and music as a female DJ in Gauteng
  • Background and limits of Corporate Social Investment in South Africa: the case of Mercedes-Benz
  • Killing the news and keeping the peace: The Case of 2013 Kenya Election
  • Chewing Over Change: New dynamics in the global miraa trade
  • Local solutions to local problems?  A case study of the Allan Gray company
  • Dilemma of the First Time Voter: An Exploration of the factors that influence the voting decision of first time voters in Ghana
  • Stomach Infrastructure, Reformism, and Market Politics: Political Mobilization in the June 21stEkiti State Governorship Election
  • Youth, Politics and Participation: The case of Highfield Suburb, Zimbabwe 2000-2008
  • Ten Years of Turkish Engagement in Africa: Discourse, Implementation and Perception in Somalia
  • "We are a chicken family": The History of a Ghanaian Family Business and its changing relationships with state and markets
  • Charting Womens's Migration from the Eastern Cape, South Africa: A Perspective from  the Village
  • Cattle and Rocks: A Social History of Shepherds in the Mountain Kingdom
  • Building (in) Ghana: Identity and Politics of the Built-up Form, c. 1945-1965
  • A revaluation of the emergence and control of trypanosomiasis in the Uganda protectorate 1901-1911
  • The Past in the Present? The contemporary Articulation of Katangese Identity
  • Women and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Cote D'Ivoire
  • Visualising voices of Youth: The role of a media advocacy project in a South African social movement.
  • Different Pitches, Different Possibilities: Football and Peacebuilding in Post Genocide Rwanda
  • Popular Support For Police Violence In Nairobi
  • Public-Private Partnerships In Education in Uganda
  • The Marikana Commission: Truth, and Voice in Official Documentation
  • Inter-African and international investment policies: the missing link into stimulating and creating a regional integrated African Union economy
  • From Rhetoric to Action: Assessing women's political participation in contemporary, Sierra Leone
  • Expectations and barriers to reintegration in Nigeria. An analysis of real and imagined processes of integration by recent diaspora returnees to Nigeria
  • Moving beyond tradeoffs? A case study of shared value creation in Cape Town, South Africa
  • "The Past is to be forgotten": Youth, Resettlement, and Survival in Jemo Addis Ababa
  • Criminalising consensual sex between adolescents in South Africa: Policing sexual behaviour in a constitutional state
  • Cosmopolitanism and the seeds of Nationalism: The making of Pixley KaIsaka Seme, a Zulu Intellectual Leader of the early 20th Century
  • "We are fighting perception" - Exploring the dynamics of AFRICOM's "Military development" discourse.
  • "Politics of the Body": The social Imaginaries of Women's Peace Activism in Eastern and Northern Uganda
  • "You expected racialism and you found it?" A Case Study of the Enkeldoorn and Schools Commission of Enquiry and its Framing of Juvenile Delinquency, 1944-1945
  • The Assertion and Contestation of Nationalism through the Zambian Football Team
  • Violence and Sovereignty in Amin’s Uganda: A Reading of the 1974 Commission of Inquiry into Disappearances
  • The transformations of Society, Sex, and Self: Understanding the lived experiences of formerly abducted women in Gulu District, Northern Uganda
  • Representing Animals: The production of Wildlife films featuring Crocuta Crocuta (Spotted Hyenas), 1990-2008
  • Exploring Alternative Zimbabwean Identities Through Art: The politics of The Harare International Festival of Arts
  • Becoming a Mokoti: changing perspectives on love and marriage in Swaziland
  • Police Intelligence and the transition to democracy in South Africa
  • The deployment of history in the exploitation of minerals: the past in the present of Chinese-Zambia relations
  • Liquid Power: Natural Gas and Illiberal Statebuilding in Angola
  • Accumulation from below: A case study of women informal currency traders in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe 2005 to 2009
  • Framing Secession: Land, Deprivation and State (il)legitimacy in the secessionist discourse of the Mombasa Republican Council in Coastal region of Kenya
  • The politics of indigeniety in post - 1994 genocide Rwanda: Examining the political space of Twa civil society organisations
  • In fire we trust: The 2009 Burganda Riots
  • Naturalization of Burundian refugees in Tanzania - The debate on deterritorialized identity and the meaning of citizenship revisited
  • Foreign Direct investments in Nigeria: Lessons from the real estate sector in Lagos State
  • Evolution of Wusasa School in Northern Nigeria: A Case Study of Christian Education in African Colonial Countries
  • Regional Turbulence:  East African (dis)integration and the demise of a once proud airline
  • 'Middle-Class' or 'Public'? Configuring cultural identity in the print culture of early twentieth century Gold Coast
  • 'The Road to Kenya' : Understanding (under) development and the nature of the (Post) Colonial State in Northern Kenya through the lens of the Isiolo-Moyale highway
  • Female Subsistence Framers in Malen Chiefdom:Navigating the Land Market in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone
  • Iron Expectations: The resurgence of industrial mining in post-conflict Sierra Leone
  • Ethnicity in the ANC
  • Scaling Upward? An Ethnographic Study of Ponte City, Africa's Tallest Residential Building
  • Changing Political Culture through Education: the case of Ahfad University for Women
  • Political Affiliation, Electoral Administration and Democratic Consolidation in Ghana: A case study of the Okaikoi South and Kpone Katumanso Constituencies in the Greater Accra Region.
  • An investigation into Changing Agricultural Behaviour in Mbotyi, South Africa
  • Mainstreaming informal economies in sub-saharan Africa: The case of Ghana's SUSU Microfinance system
  • "It cannot be dealt with through friendly cups of tea": Dealing with Deviance at Kamiti Women's Detention Camp, 1954-1960
  • Africa's Media or "Mother of the Nation"? : Winnie Mandela, Militant Motherhood and Female Violence in South Africa's Anti-Apartheid struggle, 1985 – 1991
  • You can't rule without a degree, or can you? Understanding Education as Political Currency in Comtemporary Zimbabwe
  • 'One Zambia, One Nation'? : The role of ideology in Zambian political thought and practice
  • Youth marginality and land investment in Liberia: a study of post-conflict agrarian change
  • You’re Next: The ALUU4 and Youth Perspectives on Mob Violence in S.E., Nigeria
  • The Erudite Experiment: An Institutional History of Unity High School for Girls: 1928-1985
  • Island Politics: Land Grabs and Political Change in Madagascar
  • Media: a tool of resistance or repression? A case study on understanding the role of the Angolan
  • Comparison between Christian and colonial policies in northern Nigeria: from the perspective of education
  • "Framing Poverty": An Analysis of the Portrayal of African Children in Charity Campaign Photography
  • Between the margins and the mainstream: a social history of Garissa
  • Why Nigeria's Maternal Healthcare Has Failed: An analysis of the Integrated Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health (IMNCH) Strategy
  • (Re)imagining Ujamaa: Perceptions of Development in Chamwino, Tanzania
  • Heart of Smartness: Self fashioning in photographs of the global Sapeur community
  • Militias, Maladies and Medicine: Towards a History of Health in Umkhonto we Sizwe Camps
  • Fighting Talk on the Frontier: Shaping Kenyan and Somali Identities through propaganda during the Shifta Conflict
  • Struggling with Social Stereotypes: Participation of Women in the Rwandan Patriotic Front during the 1990-4 war
  • Mouths that have eaten don't complain': Slum Youth, Mobilization and Co-option in Cherkos, Addis Ababa
  • Social Entrepreneurship as an approach to development
  • The Politics of Survival: Ugandan State Violence from Obote to Amin
  • The 2012 fuel subsidy crisis in Nigeria: Perspectives on the social contract
  • The Colour of Consciousness: Race Relations and Identity Negotiations in the Western Cape, 1970-1976
  • Short Term Gains and Long Term Losses? The Impact of Power Sharing on Opposition Parties in Kenya and Zimbabwe
  • "I am a visible child from Northern Uganda" : Social Media as a Platform for the Ugandan reaction to Invisible Children's 'KONY2012'
  • "But comrades must know the real man" Representations of masculinity through the rhetoric of black South African political leaders
  • Portraits of the captured: Photographic Representations of Inmates at Pollsmoor Prison, Cape Town
  • The "import doctrine": The SASO leadership and African American thought and writings: 1968-1973
  • The project of opposition in authoritarian states: the case of Rwanda
  • Unrest on South Africa's Platinum Mines and the Crisis of Migrancy
  • Youth, Violence and the Politics of Amnesty in Nigeria's Oil Delta
  • A party for the people? Plural perspectives on the CCM and multi-party politics in Tanzania
  • "Madam, Eve": Using Film and Media to Re-analyse Domestic Worker-Employer Relations in South Africa
  • A Postcolonial Womb: Gender, Generation and Governance
  • Africa and the Struggle for Foreign Direct Investment: Lessons from Kenya
  • "Can we meet at the market tomorrow?" Commerce, Authority and Economic Power Relations after Violent Conflicts in Jos, Nigeria
  • Corporate liability in the case of Liberia
  • Corruption and Police Reform in Nigeria Since 1999
  • Delusion or Deliverance? Youth, New Media and the 2011 Nigerian General Elections
  • Education Marginalisation in Botswana: The Experience of Wayeyi and Exclusionary Education
  • From Bahia to Lagos; Tracing Diasporic Return in reverse in Nineteenth- Century Lagos
  • If walls could talk: Understanding (Il)legitimacy in 1980s Algeria
  • Imaginings of the Western Province: British Policy, Revolts and the Rise of Eritrean Nationalism, 1941-1952
  • Inhabiting Failure of the State: Claiming space and citizenship in Kayamandi's interim
  • 'Institutional reform in post civil war Liberia's natural resource sectors: the case of the National Beneficiary Trust and the Arcelor Mittal Social Development Fund'
  • Looking to the Centre: Youth Aspirations and Kenyan National Politics
  • Meaning in Miscellanea: The Social Value of Books in Stone Town, Zanzibar
  • Muslim politics in Kenya since 1991
  • Mwomboko: Performing Narratives of Central Province in Colonial Kenya, 1920s-1952
  • Negotiating Identity in Port-Apartheid South Africa: The Case of the Mine Workers' Union
  • Overcoming Institutional Challenges and Economic Frictions: a Case Study of Private Equity in Kenya
  • Picturing an epidemic through the lens: considering the changing representation of HIV/AIDS in Africa in the photography of Gideon Mendel
  • Political Violence, Memorialisation, and Funeral Practices; MDC youth in post-2008 Harare
  • Politics for a Borderland: American policy and regional relations in the wake of the LRA threat
  • Print Media and the Public Sphere in Anglophone Cameroon
  • Pulling the trigger on the energy weapon: Oil politics in East Africa
  • Temporary goalposts and imagined sidelines: observations of youth agency and belonging in post-genocide Rwanda
  • The Impact of Direct Taxation on State-Society Relations in Lagos, Nigeria
  • 'The Kenya Land Commission and African Political Consciousness: A Case Study of Nandi District
  • The Labour Broking Debate in South Africa: The social and political elements of class conflict in a global capitalist economy
  • "The Warmest, Happiest, Best-Fed Family in the Township"
  • Tracing the Development of South Sudan's Health Care
  • 'Voluntary' Repatriation and 'Restoring Rights': The Case of South Sudanese Returnees from Israel
  • Why Dominant Parties Lose Power? The Case of Zambia
  • Women Investment Portfolio Holdings (WIPHOLD), Financial Innovation and the Empowerment of Rural Women
  • Trickle-Down Theory: Tall Tale or Truth? Evidence from Mobile Phone Airtime Retailers on Oxford Street in Accra, Ghana
  • The "Buganda Factor": Contemporary Conceptions of 'Federo' in Uganda
  • The making of imperial British control in Jubaland, 1885-1895.
  • A Degree of Controversy: Bram Fischer, Stellenbosch, and the search for Afrikaner identity in post-apartheid South Africa
  • The political opposition to the Congolese government within the Belgian Congolese diaspora
  • Difficult to stay, hard to leave: Refugee Resettlement and Return, the Experiences of Sudanese Australians
  • Watchdogs of Democracy: A Comparative Study of Election Monitor Groups in Africa
  • Cutting the queue: the 1988 elections in Kenya
  • Beyond orthodox theories? Perspectives from faith-based NGOs in Tamale, Ghana
  • From Farm to City (and Back Again?): War, Urban Internal Displacement, and Return in Northern Uganda
  • The medicalisation of reproductive healthcare in resource limited settings: impacts on the experience and outcome of pregnancy and childbirth
  • Sovereignty, Security and Statecraft: Government Responses to the "Zimbabwean Problem" in Botswana
  • Dateline Mogadishu: Challenges to Journalistic Autonomy in Contemporary Somalia
  • Strategies for economic and social survival: conversations with female vegetable sellers in Wakulima informal market, Nairobi
  • An examination of small-scale farmer participation in sugarcane production in South Africa
  • Saving Stamps, Retailers and the South African Poor
  • 'The Trust means life to us' - Local Perspectives of Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Khwai Village, Botswana
  • WOZA, GALZ, ZACRO and the Prison in Zimbabwe
  • At a Crossroads: Zimbabwean migrant township artists in Cape Town
  • African Peacekeeping: Experiences from Mogadishu and Darfur
  • Institutionalizing Childhood Malnutrition: A case study of the integration of ready-to-use therapeutic food in the fight against childhood malnutrition in Malawi
  • The Making of Post-Colonial Order: The Africanisation of the Ghanaian Police Force, c. 1954-1968
  • Angola is a woman's name: Beauty pageants and nationhood in post-conflict Angola
  • Are Private Equity Investors Still Steering Away From Investments in Sub-Saharan Africa?  The Case of Kenyan based Fund Managers
  • Securing Reform? Power Sharing and the Control of Violence in Kenya and Zimbabwe
  • Subaltern voices and the public sphere: to what extent is blogging creating new spaces for Kenyan women to express critical political opinions?
  • The Lynching of Witches in Kisii and Nyamira, Kenya: eradicating evil or settling scores?
  • A History of the 'Informal' Housing Market in Mukuru kwa Njenga
  • Snakes and Ladders: Law, Violence, and the Creation of a One Party State in Malawi, 1964-1968
  • The Asian Expulsion of '72 and the Africanisation of Capital in Uganda
  • Smuts, Satyagraha and Human Rights: The 1946-48 South African Indian Passive Resistance Campaign
  • Carving Up a Continent. Mapping Two Sudans in 1920-1924
  • The Making of an African Populist:Explaining the Rise of Michael Sata, 2001-2006
  • Always Fighting? Reconsidering State Civil Society Relations in Zimbabwe
  • Untangling the Security-Development Nexus: The Case of the Congo
  • From Generals to Secretaries-General: Political Party Assistance and the "Post-Liberation" SPLM
  • Aid and Security: Examining Contemporary U.S. militarization of humanitarian assistance in Ethiopia
  • Dealing with Corruption in Kenya: Analysis of the Constituency Development Fund
  • The Political Instrument of Decentralisaton: State and Party Consolidation in Post-War Angola
  • Custom, Conflict and Codification in Ghanaian Chieftaincy
  • Conservation Converts?: Africanising Wildlife Conservation, Uganda National Parks c1950-1973
  • Constructing Identity among the Somali youth in London
  • Controlling Leisure: Girls' pastimes in Dzaeleka Refugee Settlement
  • Between the town and the cattle camp: Community Animal Health Workers in Southern Sudan
  • Uganda, the World Bank and Neoliberalism: Negotiating Sovereighnty in the Post-Westphalian World
  • "A very antagonistic spirit": Christianity, Elliot Kamwana and the end of the world in Nyasaland
  • Power, panic or poverty: explaining child witchcraft accusations in Nigeria
  • Reassessing the existence of a 'Third Force': Political violence in South Africa, 1990-1994
  • State Terror, Student Activism, and Revolutionary Masculinity
  • Getting Behind the Patriotic Front in Zambia
  • Dining on Crocodiles and Other Tales: Zimbabwean Migrants' Border-Crossing Stories
  • The Swenkas: Masculinity and Representation in the city of Johannesburg
  • Literary Gangsters? Kwani, Radical Poetics and the Kenyan Post-Election Crisis
  • "By my very nature, I cannot kill": Gendered narratives in the trials of women accused of genocide in Rwanda
  • Us and Them: An Analysis of Populist Discourse in Contemporary Tanzanian Politics
  • The Internal Politics of the MMD, Zambia
  • "On se défend": an ethnographic study of youth in Lomé, Togo
  • The Plays of Miracle and Wonder: The Theatre of Healing?
  • Tomorrow is a long way: Who is thinking of the future of civil society in Kenya?
  • Mobile phone use and mobility in the context of trans-Saharan migration
  • Land struggles and identity - comparative case studies of San self-representation in southern Africa
  • Building Solidarity: Foreign Nationals, Community Participation and Social Cohesion in Imizamo Yethu, Cape Town
  • No Man is an Island: The Isolationist Tendencies of INGOs and their Implications for Education in Sierra Leone
  • Di War Don Don? Inter-Party Violence in Sierra Leone 2002-2010
  • Dealing with dissent: the problems of authoritarianism and political plurality Ethiopian politics, 1969-1978
  • "White men were never seen so far up before": C H Binstend and a year with the West Africa Squadron, 1823-1824
  • Food versus Fuel? The Biofuels Debate in South Africa 
  • Ghana's 'vacillating parliament': Constraints on the Development of Legislatures in Democratic Africa.
  • Alternative Narratives of Urban Masculinity: Johannesburg c1950 - 1970
  • Silence Our Beloved Country: The Media and The Kenyan Elections
  • The Politics of the Cemetery: Social Change and Resistance in Roodepoor West and Dobsonville, South Africa
  • Young Survivors'. The voices of Kimberley's street children on institutional responses to their lifestyles
  • Legal Encounters: State, Africans and the Law in Rhodesia, 1965 - 1980
  • African Political Parties from Within - A Case Study of Kano since 1998/99
  • Ideology and the possibility of African Political Theory: African Socialism to Ubuntu compared
  • Angola: The Transparency of Looting
  • Waves of change? Youth radio and post-conflict reconstruction in Sierra Leone
  • The State of War: The Effect of private military firms on state strength in the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Wagalla Massacre: Human Rights Abuses Against Minorities in East Africa and its Consequences
  • Land Disputes in Post - Conflict Northern Uganda: Unintended Consequences of Land Reform
  • Retaliation in Civil Conflict: The Post-Election Violence in Nakuru and Naivasha
  • Solomon Plaatje’s Decade of Creative Mobility, 1912 -1922: The Politics of Travel and Writing in and beyond South Africa
  • Should Africa Court Foreign Direct Investment? Evidence from the Nigerian Stock Exchange
  • Home, Music and Memory for the Congolese in Kampala
  • Problematizing conventional perceptions of FGC: Towards a more insightful discourse and eradication strategy in Sierra Leone
  • Unequal Purchase: Commodities, Consumption and Power in Late Colonial Zanzibar
  • Political Empowerment of Women inCape Verde
  • The politics of FGC in Somaliland: grassroots activism, government reluctance and international interference
  • Remembering Gukurahundi through the eyes of Yvonne Vera: Literature as a tool of history and a weapon against ‘patriotic history’ in Zimbabwe
  • Facing Reality: HIV/AIDS Education in Ugandan Secondary Schools
  • Development Assistance to State Capacity Building: The Experience in Malawi
  • Bootstraps or Booby Traps: Does Microfinance Lift or leave the Poor? Evidence from Lugbe, Nigeria
  • "The ""Bad Girls"" of Zambia? Navigating Identities of Urban Prostitution Beyond Representations
  • Female Empowerment in Zimbabwe: Hopelessly reaching for the sky or genuine success story? 
  • Examine the progress of transformation in South African rugby since unification in 1991; and what are the prospects for the future?
  • The hometown associations in London: the organization and activities of Ebu diaspora
  • Debating 'Race', Politics and Identity in the Western Cape: The Cape Muslims and the 1994 Provincial Election
  • Traversing Marginal Terrain? Student Narratives, Racial Discourses and Tranformation Challenges at the University of Cape Town
  • The Development of Athletics in 1950s Kenya: Order or Leisure?
  • Reconstructing narratives of War: A social history of the Liberian Civil War 
  • Appropriated Justice Soft Power, Hard Politics, and the International Criminal Court in the Juba Peace Process for Northern Uganda
  •  The Role of Chiefs Since Ghana's Return to multi-party Democracy in 1992
  • Denying Solutions: Analysing the use of HIV/AIDS Herbal Remedies in Zambia. A case study approach
  • The Postcolonial re-invention of White Zimbabwean Identities
  • Stocked Arsenals and Dirt Roads: Tanzanian Military Confrontations in Changing the Discourse of Humanitarian Intervention
  • The Politics of re-hatting peace operations in Africa: The Case of Burundi
  • The organization and activities of Igbo Hometown Associations in Lagos
  • Informal Water Providing Enterprises as Coping Mechanisms: The Case of Dar es Salaam
  • Challenges for the expansion of primary education: a case study from rural northern Cameroon
  • Post-apartheid's environmental toll: The dilemmas of coal for South Africa, with special reference to Eskom
  • Buying back the past: Contradictions in New Labour Policy to land reform in Zimbabwe
  • The Ralushai Commission and a South African Witch-Hunt in Legal and Historical Perspective
  • Radical Rural Women, a Church and an Empire A trans-national ethnography of two NGOs working in Zambia
  • Memorialising the Kimathi Family, Kenya's Policy Process Since 2002. The dawning of a new era?
  • Feeling Kenyan: Indian Migrant and National Identities in Kenya 1890 – 1970
  • Writing Gender: Representations of Women in Margery Perham's Personal Papers
  • "The most forgotten Crisis in the world": Donor Policy Towards the Conflict in Northern Uganda from 1986-2006
  • A Step Forward? A review of the Ethiopian Democratization Process
  • When Citizens are Rendered Stateless: The Kenyan State's Somali Screening Exercise
  • Debating 'Race', Identity and Politics in the Western Cape: The Cape Muslims and the 1994 Provincial Election
  • The Hostage Crisis of May 2000: An analysis of United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone
  • Women in the war zone: Roles and representations of female combatants in Sierra Leone
  • Tapping a Nation's Resources: Anglo American and Black Economic Empowerment in South Africa
  • Voicing Grievances: The continuous political exclusion of youth in Sierra Leone
  • Skuodi Ya Watu Kumi na Mbili: The Discourses, Negotiation and Art in Underground Hiphop in Nairobi, Kenya
  • The Human Lions of Singida: Murder and Resistance in Colonial Tanganyika
  • What did you learn in school today? The development of Tanzania's education system
  • Reframing the Myth of Wild Africa: Representations of Africa and Africans in Wildlife Films about the Adamsons
  • The Godfather', Party Politics and Democracy in Ibadan, South-Western Nigeria
  • Social Practices and Public Health Initiatives Surrounding Fistula Among the Hausa in Niger
  • Bringing the Public Back In: A Critique of the Nigerian Anti-Corruption Agencies
  • Harvesting Farmers' Leadership: The People's Land Management and Ecosystem Conservation (PLEC) Project and a Participatory Approach to Biodiversity Conservation in Southern Ghana
  • The Definition of Success? The British Military Intervention in Sierra Leone
  • "Identity Conditionality" of Aid: Arab Aid and Investment in Sudan
  • Shaping the Discourse on Africa: The Concept of 'Solidarity' in East German Relations with SWAPO
  • Digging for Prosperity: Mining and Labour Practices in Chambishi, Zambia
  • The Gold Standard of Governance   Mining, Decentralization, and Reconfigurations of State Power in Senegal
  • The Role of the Isamaili Muslim Community in Kenya 1945-1963
  • The Social image of cattle smuggling and its agents in the Transvaal, 1920 & 1930
  • Living in Margins of History: Political Memory and contemporary Society within the Abayudaya Community in Eastern Uganda
  • The Red Pepper: An Aggravated Reaction against News Capitalization in Uganda?
  • Homosexuality cannot be an issue of human rights: The exclusion of homosexuality from human rights discourse in Zambia
  • Foreign Aid and the Transition to Democracy in Malawi and Kenya
  • An investigation of the significance of conceptions of the ancient past in the development of the Ethiopian imperial State
  • Centralization in Ghana
  • The Political Implications of Nigeria's Expulsion from the Commonwealth on Anglo-Nigerian Relations
  • Truth Justice and ubuntu: South African's Truth and Reconciliation Commission and African interpretations of reconciliation
  • Reading Soyinka's Death and the King's Horseman
  • Does Internet access through the social sector affect the demand for IT provision? A study of the TSIBA Education Project in Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Visions of Identity in South Western Cameroon
  • The Special Court for Sierra Leone
  • Oil, Power& Violence in Nigeria: Rational Choice vs. Cultural Approaches to conflict Dynamics
  • A Review of the Central Bank of Kenyan's use of Monetary Policy from 1966-2006
  • A comparative evaluation of issues effecting Gambian pharmaceutical supply chains
  • The Bataka Movement: The study of rebellion
  • The Heinemann African writers series in South Africa: Reading, Writing, Publication and Censorship
  • How to Shoot Yourself in the Foot: Football as National Metaphor in Nigeria
  • The Back to Africa Movements Revisited: The Impact of Expatriate Resettlement in the Post-Conflict Reconstruction of Liberia
  • The Liberian Civil war and transitional justice
  • A Soldier's Peace? How the Angolan Civil War was Won
  • Sexual Violence and Violation of Cultural Norms: Rape in Civil War
  • The Mourides Go To Town: Inter-brotherhood conversion in Urban Senegal
  • Pharmaceutical marketing and Consumption under Apartheid 1948-1994
  • US Energy policy and Development Challenges in Nigeria's Niger Delta
  • Voices from Afar: Contemporary West African Writers of The Diaspora
  • The Temporal Landscapes of HIV/AIDS in South Africa Settlement, Housing and Health in Durban
  • Women of Zimbabwe arise: mobilising Zimbabwean women for the 3rd Chimurenga
  • Micro-finance for women’s empowerment in developing countries: analysis of micro start programmes in three African countries
  • Let Wanjiku decide: the Constitution Review process in Kenya, 2002-2005
  • Humanitarian agencies and chronic conflicts: the Kivu region 1997-2005
  • The ending of justice at Arusha: closing down the International Criminal tribunal for Rwanda
  • Aid harmonisation: the experience in East Africa
  • The silent revolution: the development of women’s football in Kenya since the 1990s
  • The nature of Malawi’s democratic consolidation, 1993 to present
  • Reassessing Soviet policy in Africa during the 1960s and 1970s, with special reference to the Horn of Africa
  • A History of Swedish development assistance to East Africa
  • Employing the Employers: social and economic implications of a company managed irrigation scheme – Tyhefu, Eastern Cape South Africa
  • Putting apartheid under pressure: Britain’s anti-apartheid movement and its utilisation of and representation in the print media
  • Kindling, doorstops, and paper-weights: Ethnographies of South African Cultures, 1930-1950
  • Swazi land issues: from subsistence homesteads to urban squatters
  • Social movements as effective civil society: the case of post-apartheid South Africa
  • Who built your school? The transmission of the colonial legacy through educational institutions and the institutions of colonial education
  • Why are civil wars in Africa harder for governments to win? An enquiry into wartime institutional logics
  • South Africa and regional integration in southern Africa
  • Tracing youth mobilisation in Nairobi’s Kibera slum, 1963-2005
  • Young patriots of Cote D’Ivoire
  • Nationalism and national identity in Nigeria
  • The role of Muslim civil society associations in Yorubaland – stagnators or midwives for democracy and good governance?
  • Food as a weapon of war: the right to be free from hunger and the identity crisis of NGOs
  • Creating social change – social entrepreneurs at work in Nigeria and Kenya
Student Resources
Student Resources

Students in African Studies at Oxford benefit from the rich resources of the University's libraries and museums and the numerous Africa related student societies and research groups which are active throughout the University.

There are numerous Africa related student societies and research groups active throughout the University who organise a large variety seminars and events. These include the following:

Oxford University Africa Society (AfriSoc)

AfriSoc is one of the most vibrant student-focused organizations at the University of Oxford, providing a strong and legitimate voice within the university community and beyond to African students and others who are linked to the continent by way of ancestry, research, experience, or interest. The society is a platform for informed debates and stimulating events, and strives to create a sense of community amongst members. It currently has over 230 members representing a vast array of disciplines and nationalities.

Horn of Africa Seminar Group (HoA)

The Horn of Africa Seminar brings together students and scholars interested in examining the region from a multidisciplinary and comparative perspective. By hosting lectures by experienced researchers alongside post-graduates, and by mixing academic and policy research, they hope to come to a shared, factually informed and politically relevant understanding of trends in the region. The group also runs the Focus on the Horn website, which acts as a collaborative platform for commentary on contemporary issues in Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya from a variety of researchers, journalists, and activists with expertise on the region.

Oxford University China-Africa Network (OUCAN)

The Oxford University China-Africa Network (OUCAN) is an academic, multi-dimensional organisation that seeks to forge cross-disciplinary and trans-regional links between researchers, practitioners, and officials around the emerging phenomenon of Chinese engagement with Africa.  Past OUCAN events have included successful workshops on new research horizons, regular seminar series focused on a variety of issues -ranging from the role of Maoist China in nation building in Guinea over the Exim-Bank and Angola's post-conflict reconstruction to barefoot doctors in Tanzania and Zambia- and a post-graduate study group.

Oxford Central Africa Forum (OCAF)

The Oxford Central Africa Forum (OCAF), founded in 2010, hopes to push forward the research on a wide range of explicitly interdisciplinary issues pertaining to the many challenges faced by the fascinating region of Central Africa. It seeks to bring together academic researchers, graduate students, development practitioners and policy-makers to informally discuss current events as well as historical developments. It pools the incredible knowledge on Central Africa present in Oxford and further afield and stimulates debate and research through a variety of activities. Thus, OCAF fills a gap long identified by scholars and practitioners alike; it supports the diffusion of solid research and provides a forum for exchanges of ideas between stakeholders who don’t always find it easy to dialogue with each other.

Oxford Transitional Justice Research (OTJR)

Oxford Transitional Justice Research (OTJR) is an inter-disciplinary network of more than 150 Oxford staff and students working broadly on issues of transition in societies recovering from mass conflict and/or repressive rule. Founded in 2007, it is now one of the largest and most diverse academic communities conducting research in this field. OTJR is dedicated to producing high-quality scholarship that connects intimately to practical and policy questions in transitional justice, including the following themes:  theoretical and philosophical debates in transitional justice, domestic and international prosecutions, truth commissions and other truth-recovery processes, commemoration and memorialisation, local and traditional practices, compensation & reparations and institutional reform.

Oxford University Student Union (OUSU)

The Oxford University Student Union represents the student body to the University and the outside world. They also offer advice, support and training to students and common rooms, as well as a number of other services.

Students and researchers in African Studies at Oxford benefit from the rich resources of the University's libraries and museums. The African Studies Centre also houses its own book collection in the Terence Ranger Reading Room, this being primarily intended for the use of students on the MSc programme.

The libraries listed below have substantial collections of library resources on Africa. Some important libraries for graduate work are mentioned here, but several others may be useful for specialised purposes. A comprehensive list of all of the Libraries associated with the University is available on the main Bodleian Libraries website, as is a map of Oxford libraries.

Central Bodleian Library:  the main University library and the second largest library in the UK, the Central Bodleian Library contains extensive and long-established collections covering most aspects of the history, culture and contemporary affairs of Africa.

Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House: commonly known as Rhodes House Library, this is an excellent resource with one of the best collections of books on Africa in the UK.  It is the part of the Bodleian Library that specialises in the history and current affairs - political, economic and social - of the Commonwealth and sub-Saharan Africa including the offshore islands. It also contains a large manuscript collection.

Social Science Library: Books, journals and reading list material relating to African politics, economics and statistics are in the Social Science Library (SSL). This library contains substantial collections (mostly in English) relating to contemporary African social science, politics, economics and statistics.

Balfour Library (Pitt Rivers Museum): founded in its present form in 1939, the Balfour Libraryhas a dual function, as the teaching and research library of the School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography and as the research library of the Pitt Rivers Museum. The library holds an extensive collection of books, pamphlets and journal titles on Archaeology and Anthropology, especially material on culture, including art and traditional music.

Tylor Library: housed within the Institute for Social and Cultural Anthropology at 51 Banbury Rd the Tylor Library houses numerous books, print periodicals, and pamphlets dealing with social anthropology and related fields, such as sociology, history and linguistics. In addition to books and journals it provides online access to the university’s electronic resources, including several useful databases for anthropologists.

Pitts Rivers Museum: holds a unique collection of material cultural artefacts from around the world, including Africa.

OxLIP+: In addition the University's numerous libraries, the Bodleian also has an extensive collection of online subscription databases, electronic reference works, e-Journals and e-Book packages which can all be accessed via OxLIP+.

Accessing Library Resources

The Oxford University Library Information System (OLIS) computer catalogue covers holdings in almost all Oxford libraries, including the Bodleian Library and the Social Science Library. It contains records for more than 13 million items held by libraries within, or associated with, the University. The primary public search interface for OLIS is SOLO: Search Oxford Libraries Online, which can be searched by anyone interested in the resources held by Oxford libraries. OLIS can also be searched within Mobile Oxford and via Z39.50.

A series of induction sessions on the use of catalogues, bibliographies and libraries for graduate students working in African Studies is given each year. An individual hands-on session on the use of electronic resources will be given to any reader on request by a specialist member of the staff, who will be happy to discuss any particular interests or requirements.

The Terence Ranger Reading Room

The Terence Ranger Reading Room is located in the African Studies Centre. It houses a non-circulating collection of specialist Africanist books and periodicals. The main holding is a donation from Chris Allen who studied at the University of Oxford and lectured in African Studies for many years at the University of Edinburgh. 

Opening Hours: The Reading Room is open during office hours (During Term: Monday to Friday 9:00-5:00 or by special arrangement with the Administrator).

Catalogue: The catalogue to the reading room collection is now available online via EndnoteWeb (Shibboleth authentication required) using the email and password below. Please consider the database as read only. 


Password: !3Bevington

Nexus Email: the central system for email at Oxford.

WebLearn: allows students to access many useful resources related to the MSc in African Studies, including the course handbook, Core Course reading lists, scanned copies of recommended readings and other documents relevant to the course.

OXAM: provides students with online access to the past exam papers.

SOLO (Search Oxford Libraries Online): the catalogue for the major collections of the libraries of the University of Oxford.

OxLIP+: provides access to all the online subscription databases provided by the Bodleian Libraries, including electronic reference works, e-Journals and e-Book packages.

Student Gateway: provides a single point of access to information, services and resources available to current students at the University of Oxford.